► Climate
Turkey is located in the temperate climate zone where you can enjoy four seasons. The characteristic weather here is a somewhat cooler version of the Mediterranean climate; a short spring, ideal summer temperatures, a long autumn with blue skies, and a rainy winter. During April, the average temperature during the day time is 16°C and during the nights 8°C,. Raincoats and umbrellas are suggested.

► Weight and Measures
The metric & kilo system is used.

► Time
Local time in Istanbul is GMT + 2 hours. Same zone all over the country.

► Travel Documents - Visas
Entry visa procedure is different for every nationality. Some do not need visa; some can get their visa stamps upon arrival to Istanbul Airport (in this case, no document is needed; just a valid passport and cash payment of the visa cost is enough); and some countries can get their visas only from the embassies or consulates. For the detailed information about each country, we are kindly inviting you to visit below web site:

► Language
Turkish is the national language. English is widely spoken especially in the hotels, restaurants, touristic bazaars.

► Official working days and hours
Government offices and banks; Monday-Friday from 09:00 to 17:00 (lunch break 12:30- 13:30)

► Cuisine
Turkish cuisine is considered to be among the best ones in the world with a diverse selection of grilled meats, kebabs, sea foods, fresh vegetables and rich desserts. Many meals are served in rounds of "mezzes" or appetizers.

► Currency
The unit of currency is Turkish Lira (TL). Banks exchange foreign currency and travellers checks with your passport only. Banks charge a commission between 1 to 3% per transaction but "döviz"or exchange offices do not charge commission and only change foreign cash currency, not travellers checks.

► Tipping
10% tipping is common at the restaurants. It is also common to round the taxi fares.

► Tax Refund
You can claim back the VAT for the goods you purchased from tax refund affiliated shops. The tax refund offices are available at major airports.

► Transportation in Istanbul
Apart from public buses, trains and trams the most common means of transportation are taxis, ferry boats, sea buses and dolmus (shared taxis).

► Electricity
As it is in most of Europe the electrical current 220 volts plugs have two round ends. Some have thick and narrow ends. The ones with narrow ends are more commonly used.

► Insurance
Insurance coverage is not included in the registration fee. It is strongly suggested for the attendees to purchase their own health and travel insurance before the trip.

► Merchandising at Convention
It is hoped that there will be an IIW official regalia sales booth at the convention centre. Other sales booths selling local merchandise will be organised by the local committee.